< cpp‎ | container‎ | list

explicit list( const Allocator& alloc );
explicit list( size_type count,

               const T& value = T(),

               const Allocator& alloc = Allocator());
(until C++11)
         list( size_type count,

               const T& value,

               const Allocator& alloc = Allocator());
(since C++11)
explicit list( size_type count );
(since C++11)
(until C++14)
explicit list( size_type count, const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(since C++14)
template< class InputIt >

list( InputIt first, InputIt last,

      const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
list( const list& other );
list( const list& other, const Allocator& alloc );
(5) (since C++11)
list( list&& other );
(6) (since C++11)
list( list&& other, const Allocator& alloc );
(7) (since C++11)
list( std::initializer_list<T> init,
      const Allocator& alloc = Allocator() );
(8) (since C++11)

Constructs a new container from a variety of data sources, optionally using a user supplied allocator alloc.

1) Default constructor. Constructs an empty container. If no allocator is supplied, allocator is obtained from a default-constructed instance.
2) Constructs the container with count copies of elements with value value.
3) Constructs the container with count default-inserted instances of T. No copies are made.
4) Constructs the container with the contents of the range [first, last).
This constructor has the same effect as list(static_cast<size_type>(first), static_cast<value_type>(last), a) if InputIt is an integral type. (until C++11)
This overload only participates in overload resolution if InputIt satisfies LegacyInputIterator, to avoid ambiguity with the overload (2). (since C++11)
5) Copy constructor. Constructs the container with the copy of the contents of other. If alloc is not provided, allocator is obtained as if by calling std::allocator_traits<allocator_type>::select_on_container_copy_construction(other.get_allocator()).
6) Move constructor. Constructs the container with the contents of other using move semantics. Allocator is obtained by move-construction from the allocator belonging to other.
7) Allocator-extended move constructor. Using alloc as the allocator for the new container, moving the contents from other; if alloc != other.get_allocator(), this results in an element-wise move.
8) Constructs the container with the contents of the initializer list init.


alloc - allocator to use for all memory allocations of this container
count - the size of the container
value - the value to initialize elements of the container with
first, last - the range to copy the elements from
other - another container to be used as source to initialize the elements of the container with
init - initializer list to initialize the elements of the container with


1) Constant
2-3) Linear in count
4) Linear in distance between first and last
5) Linear in size of other
6) Constant.
7) Linear if alloc != other.get_allocator(), otherwise constant.
8) Linear in size of init.


Calls to Allocator::allocate may throw.


After container move construction (overload (6)), references, pointers, and iterators (other than the end iterator) to other remain valid, but refer to elements that are now in *this. The current standard makes this guarantee via the blanket statement in §23.2.1[container.requirements.general]/12, and a more direct guarantee is under consideration via LWG 2321.


#include <list>
#include <string>
#include <iostream>
template<typename T>
std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream& s, const std::list<T>& v) {
    char comma[3] = {'\0', ' ', '\0'};
    for (const auto& e : v) {
        s << comma << e;
        comma[0] = ',';
    return s << ']';
int main() 
    // c++11 initializer list syntax:
    std::list<std::string> words1 {"the", "frogurt", "is", "also", "cursed"};
    std::cout << "words1: " << words1 << '\n';
    // words2 == words1
    std::list<std::string> words2(words1.begin(), words1.end());
    std::cout << "words2: " << words2 << '\n';
    // words3 == words1
    std::list<std::string> words3(words1);
    std::cout << "words3: " << words3 << '\n';
    // words4 is {"Mo", "Mo", "Mo", "Mo", "Mo"}
    std::list<std::string> words4(5, "Mo");
    std::cout << "words4: " << words4 << '\n';


words1: [the, frogurt, is, also, cursed]
words2: [the, frogurt, is, also, cursed]
words3: [the, frogurt, is, also, cursed]
words4: [Mo, Mo, Mo, Mo, Mo]

Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 2193 C++11 the default constructor is explicit made non-explicit

See also

assigns values to the container
(public member function)
assigns values to the container
(public member function)