std::fixed, std::scientific, std::hexfloat, std::defaultfloat

< cpp‎ | io‎ | manip
Input/output library
I/O manipulators
C-style I/O
(deprecated in C++98)
File I/O
String I/O
Array I/O
(deprecated in C++98)
(deprecated in C++98)
(deprecated in C++98)
Synchronized Output
Error category interface
Input/output manipulators
Floating-point formatting
Integer formatting
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Field width and fill control
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Whitespace processing
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Time and money I/O
Quoted manipulator
Defined in header <ios>
std::ios_base& scientific( std::ios_base& str );
std::ios_base& hexfloat( std::ios_base& str );
(3) (since C++11)
std::ios_base& defaultfloat( std::ios_base& str );
(4) (since C++11)

Modifies the default formatting for floating-point input/output.

1) Sets the floatfield of the stream str to fixed as if by calling str.setf(std::ios_base::fixed, std::ios_base::floatfield)
2) Sets the floatfield of the stream str to scientific as if by calling str.setf(std::ios_base::scientific, std::ios_base::floatfield)
3) Sets the floatfield of the stream str to fixed and scientific simultaneously as if by calling str.setf(std::ios_base::fixed | std::ios_base::scientific, std::ios_base::floatfield). This enables hexadecimal floating-point formatting.
4) Sets the floatfield of the stream str to zero, as if by calling str.unsetf(std::ios_base::floatfield). This enables the default floating-point formatting, which is different from fixed and scientific.

This is an I/O manipulator, it may be called with an expression such as out << std::fixed for any out of type std::basic_ostream or with an expression such as in >> std::scientific for any in of type std::basic_istream.


str - reference to I/O stream

Return value

str (reference to the stream after manipulation)


Hexadecimal floating-point formatting ignores the stream precision specification, as required by the specification of std::num_put::do_put.


#include <iostream>
#include <sstream>
int main()
    std::cout << "The number 0.01 in fixed:      " << std::fixed << 0.01 << '\n'
              << "The number 0.01 in scientific: " << std::scientific << 0.01 << '\n'
              << "The number 0.01 in hexfloat:   " << std::hexfloat << 0.01 << '\n'
              << "The number 0.01 in default:    " << std::defaultfloat << 0.01 << '\n';
    double f;
    std::istringstream("0x1P-1022") >> std::hexfloat >> f;
    std::cout << "Parsing 0x1P-1022 as hex gives " << f << '\n';


The number 0.01 in fixed:      0.010000
The number 0.01 in scientific: 1.000000e-02
The number 0.01 in hexfloat:   0x1.47ae147ae147bp-7
The number 0.01 in default:    0.01
Parsing 0x1P-1022 as hex gives 2.22507e-308

See also

changes floating-point precision