< cpp‎ | memory
Dynamic memory management
Uninitialized storage
Garbage collection support
C Library
Low level memory management
Defined in header <memory>
template< class InputIt, class ForwardIt >
ForwardIt uninitialized_copy( InputIt first, InputIt last, ForwardIt d_first );
template< class ExecutionPolicy, class InputIt, class ForwardIt >
ForwardIt uninitialized_copy( ExecutionPolicy&& policy, InputIt first, InputIt last, ForwardIt d_first );
(2) (since C++17)
1) Copies elements from the range [first, last) to an uninitialized memory area beginning at d_first as if by
for (; first != last; ++d_first, (void) ++first)
   ::new (static_cast<void*>(std::addressof(*d_first)))
      typename std::iterator_traits<ForwardIt>::value_type(*first);
If an exception is thrown during the initialization, the objects already constructed are destroyed in an unspecified order.
2) Same as (1), but executed according to policy. This overload does not participate in overload resolution unless std::is_execution_policy_v<std::decay_t<ExecutionPolicy>> is true


first, last - the range of the elements to copy
d_first - the beginning of the destination range
policy - the execution policy to use. See execution policy for details.
Type requirements
InputIt must meet the requirements of LegacyInputIterator.
ForwardIt must meet the requirements of LegacyForwardIterator.
No increment, assignment, comparison, or indirection through valid instances of ForwardIt may throw exceptions.

Return value

Iterator to the element past the last element copied.


Linear in the distance between first and last


The overload with a template parameter named ExecutionPolicy reports errors as follows:

  • If execution of a function invoked as part of the algorithm throws an exception and ExecutionPolicy is one of the standard policies, std::terminate is called. For any other ExecutionPolicy, the behavior is implementation-defined.
  • If the algorithm fails to allocate memory, std::bad_alloc is thrown.

Possible implementation

template<class InputIt, class ForwardIt>
ForwardIt uninitialized_copy(InputIt first, InputIt last, ForwardIt d_first)
    typedef typename std::iterator_traits<ForwardIt>::value_type Value;
    ForwardIt current = d_first;
    try {
        for (; first != last; ++first, (void) ++current) {
            ::new (static_cast<void*>(std::addressof(*current))) Value(*first);
        return current;
    } catch (...) {
        for (; d_first != current; ++d_first) {


#include <iostream>
#include <memory>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <string>
int main()
    const char *v[] = {"This", "is", "an", "example"};
    auto sz = std::size(v);
    if(void *pbuf = std::aligned_alloc(alignof(std::string), sizeof(std::string) * sz))
            auto first = static_cast<std::string*>(pbuf);
            auto last = std::uninitialized_copy(std::begin(v), std::end(v), first);
            for (auto it = first; it != last; ++it)
                std::cout << *it << '_';
            std::destroy(first, last);
        catch(...) {}



See also

copies a number of objects to an uninitialized area of memory
(function template)