< cpp‎ | utility‎ | pair
Member functions
Non-member functions
Deduction guides(C++17)
Helper classes
Defined in header <utility>
template< std::size_t I, class T1, class T2 >
struct tuple_element<I, std::pair<T1, T2>>;
(since C++11)

The partial specializations of std::tuple_element for pairs provide compile-time access to the types of the pair's elements, using tuple-like syntax. The program is ill-formed if I >= 2

Member types

Member type Definition
type T1 if I == 0
T2 if I == 1

Possible implementation

template<std::size_t I, typename T>
  struct tuple_element;
template<std::size_t I, typename T1, typename T2>
  struct tuple_element<I, std::pair<T1,T2> >
     static_assert(I < 2, "std::pair has only 2 elements!");
template<typename T1, typename T2>
  struct tuple_element<0, std::pair<T1,T2> >
     using type = T1;
template<typename T1, typename T2>
  struct tuple_element<1, std::pair<T1,T2> >
     using type = T2;


#include <tuple>
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
namespace detail {
template <std::size_t>
struct index_tag { explicit constexpr index_tag() = default; };
template <class T, class U>
constexpr T get_val_dispatch(std::pair<T, U> const& pair, index_tag<0>)
    return pair.first;
template <class T, class U>
constexpr U get_val_dispatch(std::pair<T, U> const& pair, index_tag<1>)
    return pair.second;
} // namespace detail
template <std::size_t N, class T, class U>
auto constexpr get_val(std::pair<T, U> const& pair)
    -> typename std::tuple_element<N, std::pair<T, U>>::type
    return detail::get_val_dispatch(pair, detail::index_tag<N>{});
int main()
    auto var = std::make_pair(1, std::string{"one"});
    std::cout << get_val<0>(var) << " = " << get_val<1>(var);


1 = one

Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 2974 C++11 out-of-bounds index referred the undefined primary template made ill-formed (hard error)

See also

obtains the type of the specified element
(class template specialization)
obtains the type of the elements of array
(class template specialization)
obtains the size of a pair
(class template specialization)