< cpp‎ | locale
Defined in header <codecvt>
enum codecvt_mode {

    consume_header = 4,
    generate_header = 2,
    little_endian = 1

(since C++11)
(deprecated in C++17)

The facets std::codecvt_utf8, std::codecvt_utf16, and std::codecvt_utf8_utf16 accept an optional value of type std::codecvt_mode as a template argument, which specifies optional features of the unicode string conversion.


Defined in header <locale>
Value Meaning
little_endian assume the input is in little-endian byte order (applies to UTF-16 input only, the default is big-endian)
consume_header consume the byte order mark, if present at the start of input sequence, and (in case of UTF-16), rely on the byte order it specifies for decoding the rest of the input
generate_header output the byte order mark at the start of the output sequence

The recognized byte order marks are:

0xfe 0xff UTF-16 big-endian
0xff 0xfe UTF-16 little-endian
0xef 0xbb 0xbf UTF-8 (no effect on endianness)

If std::consume_header is not selected when reading a file beginning with byte order mark, the Unicode character U+FEFF (Zero width non-breaking space) will be read as the first character of the string content.


The following example demonstrates consuming the UTF-8 BOM

#include <fstream>
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <locale>
#include <codecvt>
int main()
    // UTF-8 data with BOM
    std::ofstream("text.txt") << u8"\ufeffz\u6c34\U0001d10b";
    // read the UTF8 file, skipping the BOM
    std::wifstream fin("text.txt");
                          new std::codecvt_utf8<wchar_t, 0x10ffff, std::consume_header>));
    for (wchar_t c; fin.get(c); )
        std::cout << std::hex << std::showbase << c << '\n';



See also

converts between character encodings, including UTF-8, UTF-16, UTF-32
(class template)
(C++11)(deprecated in C++17)
converts between UTF-8 and UCS2/UCS4
(class template)
(C++11)(deprecated in C++17)
converts between UTF-16 and UCS2/UCS4
(class template)
(C++11)(deprecated in C++17)
converts between UTF-8 and UTF-16
(class template)