< cpp‎ | chrono‎ | c
Date and time utilities
Time zones
C-style date and time
C-style date and time utilities
Time manipulation
Format conversions
Defined in header <ctime>
char* asctime( const std::tm* time_ptr );

Converts given calendar time std::tm to a textual representation of the following fixed 25-character form: Www Mmm dd hh:mm:ss yyyy\n

  • Www - three-letter English abbreviated day of the week from time_ptr->tm_wday, one of Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat, Sun.
  • Mmm - three-letter English abbreviated month name from time_ptr->tm_mon, one of Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec.
  • dd - 2-digit day of the month from timeptr->tm_mday as if printed by sprintf using %2d
  • hh - 2-digit hour from timeptr->tm_hour as if printed by sprintf using %.2d
  • mm - 2-digit minute from timeptr->tm_min as if printed by sprintf using %.2d
  • ss - 2-digit second from timeptr->tm_sec as if printed by sprintf using %.2d
  • yyyy - 4-digit year from timeptr->tm_year + 1900 as if printed by sprintf using %4d

The behavior is undefined if any member of *time_ptr is outside its normal range

The behavior is undefined if the calendar year indicated by time_ptr->tm_year has more than 4 digits or is less than the year 1000.

The function does not support localization, and the newline character cannot be removed.

The function modifies static storage and is not thread-safe.


time_ptr - pointer to a std::tm object specifying the time to print

Return value

Pointer to a static null-terminated character string holding the textual representation of date and time. The string may be shared between std::asctime and std::ctime, and may be overwritten on each invocation of any of those functions.


This function returns a pointer to static data and is not thread-safe. POSIX marks this function obsolete and recommends std::strftime instead.

POSIX limits undefined behaviors only to when the output string would be longer than 25 characters, when timeptr->tm_wday or timeptr->tm_mon are not within the expected ranges, or when timeptr->tm_year exceeds INT_MAX-1990.

Some implementations handle timeptr->tm_mday==0 as meaning the last day of the preceding month.


#include <ctime>
#include <iostream>
int main()
    std::time_t result = std::time(nullptr);
    std::cout << std::asctime(std::localtime(&result));


Mon Apr  3 20:26:26 2017

See also

converts a time_t object to a textual representation
converts a tm object to custom textual representation
formats and outputs a date/time value according to the specified format
(function template)