< cpp‎ | numeric‎ | random
Pseudo-random number generation
Uniform random bit generators
Engines and engine adaptors
Non-deterministic generator
Uniform distributions
Bernoulli distributions
Poisson distributions
Normal distributions
Sampling distributions
Seed Sequences
C library
Defined in header <random>
template< class IntType = int >
class negative_binomial_distribution;
(since C++11)

Produces random non-negative integer values i, distributed according to discrete probability function:

P(i|k,p) =

k + i − 1

· pk
· (1 − p)i

The value represents the number of failures in a series of independent yes/no trials (each succeeds with probability p), before exactly k successes occur.

std::negative_binomial_distribution satisfies RandomNumberDistribution

Template parameters

IntType - The result type generated by the generator. The effect is undefined if this is not one of short, int, long, long long, unsigned short, unsigned int, unsigned long, or unsigned long long.

Member types

Member type Definition
result_type IntType
param_type the type of the parameter set, see RandomNumberDistribution.

Member functions

constructs new distribution
(public member function)
resets the internal state of the distribution
(public member function)
generates the next random number in the distribution
(public member function)
returns the distribution parameters
(public member function)
gets or sets the distribution parameter object
(public member function)
returns the minimum potentially generated value
(public member function)
returns the maximum potentially generated value
(public member function)

Non-member functions

compares two distribution objects
performs stream input and output on pseudo-random number distribution
(function template)


#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <string>
#include <map>
#include <random>
int main()
    std::random_device rd;
    std::mt19937 gen(rd());
    // Pat goes door-to-door selling cookies
    // At each house, there's a 75% chance that she sells one box
    // how many times will she be turned away before selling 5 boxes?
    std::negative_binomial_distribution<> d(5, 0.75);
    std::map<int, int> hist;
    for(int n=0; n<10000; ++n) {
    for(auto p : hist) {
        std::cout  << p.first << ' ' << std::string(p.second/100, '*') << '\n';


0 ***********************
1 *****************************
2 **********************
3 *************
4 ******
5 ***
6 *

External links

Weisstein, Eric W. "Negative Binomial Distribution." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource.