< cpp‎ | types
Type support
Basic types
Fundamental types
Fixed width integer types (C++11)
Numeric limits
C numeric limits interface
Runtime type information
Type traits
Type categories
Type properties
(C++11)(until C++20)
(C++11)(deprecated in C++20)
Type trait constants
Constant evaluation context
Supported operations
Relationships and property queries
Type modifications
Type transformations
(C++11)(until C++20)(C++17)
Defined in header <type_traits>
template< class T >
struct make_signed;
(since C++11)

If T is an integral (except bool) or enumeration type, provides the member typedef type which is the signed integer type corresponding to T, with the same cv-qualifiers.

Otherwise, the behavior is undefined.

Member types

Name Definition
type the signed integer type corresponding to T

Helper types

template< class T >
using make_signed_t = typename make_signed<T>::type;
(since C++14)


#include <iostream>
#include <type_traits>
int main() {
    typedef std::make_signed<unsigned char>::type char_type;
    typedef std::make_signed<unsigned int>::type int_type;
    typedef std::make_signed<volatile unsigned long>::type long_type;
    bool ok1 = std::is_same<char_type, signed char>::value;
    bool ok2 = std::is_same<int_type, signed int>::value;
    bool ok3 = std::is_same<long_type, volatile signed long>::value;
    std::cout << std::boolalpha
    << "char_type is 'signed char'?          : " << ok1 << '\n'
    << "int_type  is 'signed int'?           : " << ok2 << '\n'
    << "long_type is 'volatile signed long'? : " << ok3 << '\n';


char_type is 'signed char'?          : true
int_type  is 'signed int'?           : true
long_type is 'volatile signed long'? : true

See also

checks if a type is a signed arithmetic type
(class template)
checks if a type is an unsigned arithmetic type
(class template)
makes the given integral type unsigned
(class template)